Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect The consequences of maltreatment can be devastating. For over 30 years, clinicians have described the effects of child abuse and neglect on the physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral development of children. Physical consequences range from minor injuries to severe brain damage and even death.
Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect The consequences of maltreatment can be devastating. For over 30 years, clinicians have described the effects of child abuse and neglect on the physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral development of children.
Physical consequences range from minor injuries to severe brain damage and even death. Psychological consequences range from chronic low self-esteem to severe dissociative states. The cognitive effects of abuse range from attentional problems and learning disorders to severe organic brain syndromes.
Behaviorally, the consequences of abuse range from poor peer relations all the way to extraordinarily violent behaviors. Thus, the consequences of abuse and neglect affect the victims themselves and the society in which they live.
Many complexities challenge our understanding of factors and relationships that exacerbate or mitigate the consequences of abusive experiences.
The majority of children who are abused do not show signs of extreme disturbance. Research has suggested a relationship between child maltreatment and a variety of short- and long-term consequences, but considerable uncertainty and debate remain about the effects of child victimization on children, adolescents, and adults.
The relationship between the causes and consequences of child maltreatment is particularly problematic, since some factors such as low intelligence in the child may help stimulate abusive behavior by the parent or caretaker, but low intelligence can also be a consequence of abusive experiences in early childhood.
The scientific study of child maltreatment and its consequences is in its Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect. The National Academies Press.
Child Abuse and Neglect: The International Journal, 30(10), View Abstract Compares the experience of physical punishment with child abuse to determine its effect on adult depression, alcohol abuse, and other psychological problems. Neglect Signs, indicators and effects. More on this topic. Neglect; Signs, indicators and effects; Who is affected by neglect The impact of neglect. Child abuse and neglect Back. Neglect Child sexual abuse Domestic abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect is an international and interdisciplinary journal publishing articles on child welfare, health, humanitarian aid, justice, mental health, public health and social service systems. The journal recognizes that child protection is a global concern that continues to evolve.
Until recently, research on the consequences of physical and sexual child abuse and neglect has been based primarily on retrospective studies of adolescents or adults that are subject to clinical bias and inaccurate recall Aber and Cicchetti, Research on the consequences of abuse is also challenged by the hidden nature of much abuse and because these experiences may not come to anyone's attention until years after they occur.
Maltreatment often occurs in the presence of multiple problems within a family or social environment, including poverty, violence, substance abuse, and unemployment. Distinguishing consequences that are associated directly with the experience of child maltreatment itself rather than other social disorders is a daunting task for the research investigator.
Research on the consequences of child maltreatment is also uneven and, as a result, we do not yet understand the consequences on children of particular types or multiple forms of abuse.
In recent years, much attention has been focused on the consequences of child sexual abuse, especially the adolescent and adult sexual behavior of the victim. Less attention has been given to the short- and long-term consequences of child neglect and physical abuse.
Only recently has public awareness expanded to include recognition of the psychological consequences that stem from even the most subtle forms of emotional maltreatment.
Some experts now contend that the psychological or emotional components of abuse and neglect are the factor most responsible for the destructive consequences of all types of maltreatment Brassard et al. Nor do we yet know the importance of the particular timing, intensity, and context of abuse on the outcome.
Factors such as the age and developmental status of the child may influence the outcomes of maltreatment experiences. Effects that appear at only one life stage, whether immediately following the maltreatment or later, are often different from those that persist throughout life.
What may appear to be adaptive or functional at one point in development avoiding an abusive parent or desensitizing oneself against feelings may later compromise the person's ability to draw on and respond to personal relationships in an adaptive and flexible way.
Given the wide variations reported in the research literature, certain intrinsic strengths and vulnerabilities within a child and the child's environment may affect the extent to which abuse will have adverse consequences.
Disordered patterns of adaptation may lie dormant, only to appear during times of stress or in conjunction with particular circumstances Sroufe and Rutter, Little research has focused on gender differences in the consequences of child abuse and neglect.
Early clinical reports of violence primarily describe violent male adolescents, although Widom's b delinquency analysis had higher rates of arrests for violence of abused and neglected Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Studies of sexual promiscuity and teenage pregnancy have primarily included females who were sexually abused.
Few studies have found consistent differences in the reaction of boys and girls to molestation, although one popular report found boys to have more externalizing and girls to have more internalizing symptoms Friedrich et al.A consistent definition is needed to monitor the incidence of child abuse and neglect to examine trends over time and to determine the impact of prevention strategies.
In addition, a clear and consistent definition helps determine the magnitude of child abuse and neglect and allows comparison of the problem across jurisdictions.
Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect Every child who has experienced abuse or neglect will have their own response to the trauma. While some children have long-lasting effects, others are able to recover quicker and with ease.
Results indicated that emotional abuse and neglect, physical abuse and neglect, and a low level of warmth in the parent-child relationship are . Impact of Child Abuse & Neglect Learn how child abuse and neglect affect children, adolescents, adult survivors, and society.
This section examines the impact of abuse and neglect on child development, as well as long-term consequences for adults with a history of abuse. The lasting impact of neglect. recent past editor-in-chief of Child Abuse & Neglect.
Now, researchers are beginning to understand some of the ways that early deprivation alters a person's brain and behavior — and whether that damage can be . Neglect Signs, indicators and effects. More on this topic. Neglect; Signs, indicators and effects; Who is affected by neglect The impact of neglect.
Child abuse and neglect Back. Neglect Child sexual abuse Domestic abuse.