Assets represent the total resources of a company, which may shrink or increase depending on the results of operations. Assets are listed in liquidity order - ease of converting into cash. Liabilities include what a company owes: All businesses divide assets and liabilities into two groups:
Dube FROM the last installment on project write-up, we wrote that the whole idea was to think of all you will need to do up to the time you will get the dollar from your customer. The principles remain the same, independent of the kind of business you get into.
You need to be able to tell what money will get out of your business and for what and what money will come in and for what goods or services. You also want to know the risks to anticipate and what possible solutions to apply before these happen.
Today we want to reduce our project write-up so far to a summary of dollars and cents. This part is referred to as cash-flow projections. How to raise money for your project is the hardest hurdle you can have for your business proposal.
You do not want to kill your creativity by fixing your mind on things that demoralise you or kill your ambitions, so you do not want to downsize your ambitions to the size of your pocket.
After all, it is passion that matters most as the saying goes; where there is a will, there is a way. Creating a spread-sheet is the best way to start some cash-flow projections. You could begin from your very write-up so far. Following your write-up format, you could, on the extreme left side of your spread-sheet, put up items that would either bring in or cause an outlay of cash.
You know exactly how much you are going to need, when and for what. So on your spread-sheet, you capture that. Depending on what you find to be a critical time-unit, you could use either months or years as your variable.
In the initial, you are not bothered about where money to spend will come from. It has to be shown going out when it is expected to go out on your spread-sheet timing. Cash generated from sales or any other source must also reflect at the appropriate times.
With indications as to when the project will spend money or bring in money on the spreadsheet, there will obviously be some gaps where money must be sourced to fund the outflows that cannot be supported by project cash generations. How you will fund those gaps constitutes your finance plan.
You will either fund such from your own funds, called equity or loans, credit supplies or overdrafts. Payments in recognition of equity contributions are called dividends and are generally the most flexible source of project funding as the owners of the funds are more interested in the long-term prospects of the project.
For credit supplies, loans and overdrafts, you pay back principal and interest.THE BALANCE SHEET is the financial statement that reports the assets, liabilities and net worth of a company at a specific point in time.
Assets represent the total resources of a company, which may shrink or increase depending on the results of operations. Assets are listed in liquidity order - ease of converting into cash. Your business plan and cash flow projection should show that you can win the customers and collect the receivables needed to build revenue and achieve a solid debt service coverage ratio.
If your small business sells widgets off the shelf, you need to prove that you can attract and convert a broad base of customers while keeping your shelves full. No matter how great your business model is, how profitable you are or how many investors are interested in supporting your business, you can't survive if you can’t manage your company’s cash flow.
Your business' cash flow measures how much cash moves in and out of your business each month. Cash flow differs from a simple income/expense report in that cash flow deals only with the actual revenue going in and out and does not account for credit or other non-cash transactions.
Preparing a cash flow plan is merely an attempt to predict the flow of cash during a future span of time. In our experience, companies with the most control over this process are the ones most likely to be in business ten years from now.
Cash flow projection is an estimate of the cash flows into the business through revenue and borrowings and the expected cash outflow through purchases, expenses and repayments. You may have read that cash flow issue is one of the major reasons why many small business fails before their 5th anniversary.