Bruce springsteen thesis

He is an actor and recording artist. Simon is retired and living in San Diego.

Bruce springsteen thesis

Usage[ edit ] The term robber baron derives from the Raubritter robber knightsthe medieval German lords who charged nominally illegal tolls unauthorized by the Holy Roman Emperor on the primitive roads crossing their lands [1] or larger tolls along the Rhine river—all without adding anything of value, but instead lining their pockets at the cost of the common good rent seeking.

The metaphor appeared as early as February 9,when The New York Times used it to characterize the business practices of Cornelius Vanderbilt.

Stiles says the metaphor "conjures up visions of titanic monopolists who crushed competitors, rigged markets, and corrupted government. In their greed and power, legend has it, they held sway over a helpless democracy.

Political cronies had been granted special shipping routes by the state, but told legislators their costs were so high that they needed to charge high prices and still receive extra money from the taxpayers as funding. Vanderbilt's private shipping company began running the same routes, charging a fraction of the price, making a large profit without taxpayer subsidy.

The state-funded shippers then began paying Vanderbilt money to not ship on their route. A critic of this tactic drew a political comic depicting Vanderbilt as a feudal robber baron extracting a toll. Geisst says, "in a Darwinist age, Vanderbilt developed a reputation as a plunderer who took no prisoners.

Hostile cartoonists might dress the offenders in royal garb to underscore the offense against democracy. At first, White says, they were depicted as: Robber Barons, standing for a Gilded Age of corruption, monopoly, and rampant individualism.

Their corporations were the Octopus, devouring all in its path. In the twentieth century and the twenty-first they became entrepreneurs, necessary business revolutionaries, ruthlessly changing existing practices and demonstrating the protean nature of American capitalism. Their new corporations also transmuted and became manifestations of the "Visible Hand," a managerial rationality that eliminated waste, increased productivity, and brought bourgeois values to replace those of financial buccaneers.

The originators of the Robber Baron concept were not the injured, the poor, the faddists, the jealous, or a dispossessed elite, but rather a frustrated group of observers led at last by protracted years of harsh depression to believe that the American dream of abundant prosperity for all was a hopeless myth.

Bruce springsteen thesis

Thus the creation of the Robber Baron stereotype seems to have been the product of an impulsive popular attempt to explain the shift in the structure of American society in terms of the obvious.

Rather than make the effort to understand the intricate processes of change, most critics appeared to slip into the easy vulgarizations of the "devil-view" of history which ingenuously assumes that all human misfortunes can be traced to the machinations of an easily located set of villains—in this case, the big businessmen of America.

This assumption was clearly implicit in almost all of the criticism of the period. The theme was popular during the s amid public scorn for big business.

Historian Steve Fraser says the mood was sharply hostile toward big business: Biographies of Mellon, Carnegie and Rockefeller were often laced with moral censure, warning that "tories of industry" were a threat to democracy and that parasitism, aristocratic pretension and tyranny have always trailed in the wake of concentrated wealth, whether accumulated dynastically or more impersonally by the faceless corporation.

This scholarship, and the cultural persuasion of which it was an expression, drew on a deeply rooted sensibility—partly religious, partly egalitarian and democratic—that stretched back to William Jennings Bryan, Andrew Jackson and Tom Paine. Business historian Allan Nevins challenged this view of American big businessmen by advocating the "Industrial Statesman" thesis.

Nevins, in his John D. The Heroic Age of American Enterprise 2 vols. He argued that while Rockefeller may have engaged in some unethical and illegal business practices, this should not overshadow his bringing order to the industrial chaos of the day. Gilded Age capitalists, according to Nevins, sought to impose order and stability on competitive business, and that their work made the United States the foremost economy by the 20th century.

He notes that "Much of the modern history of corporations is a reaction against the Robber Barons and fictions. In the student body of Stanford University voted to use "Robber Barons" as the nickname for their sports teams. However, school administrators disallowed it, saying it was disrespectful to the school's founder, Leland Stanford.

In this lesson, you and your students will attempt to establish a distinction between robber barons and captains of industry. Students will uncover some of the less honorable deeds as well as the shrewd business moves and highly charitable acts of the great industrialists and financiers.

It has been argued that only because such people were able to amass great amounts of capital could our country become the world's greatest industrial power.This is the best Bruce Springsteen DVD out there on the market.

Great film from afternoon into evening. Springsteen is soaking wet after just 4 songs, what a performer!

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Robber baron (industrialist) - Wikipedia